Pylos, Greece. Tomb of the Griffon Warrior







Complete Abstract:
A sleepy grove of olive trees extends next to the Acropolis where the Greek Bronze Age "Palace of Nestor" stood in the 13th century before Christ.  The palace is the best preserved center of the Mycenaean civilization.  Carl Blegen, the most famous American prehistorian to work in Greece in the 20th century, discovered the "Palace of Nestor" and continued to explore it and its surroundings until his death in 1971. In his final years Blegen dug several deep trenches through this olive grove but found little. And one of his final acts was to cover his excavations there and allow the grove once again to slumber in peace.
And there things stood until May of 2015 when a team from the University of Cincinnati discovered in the olive grove one of the richest graves of the Greek Bronze Age ever found, a find that has attracted the attention of mass media worldwide, including the New York Times.
This tomb of the so-called Griffon Warrior, a stone-lined shaft of modest dimensions, contained the body of a single man, 30–35 years of age, who died in the 15th century B.C.  The warrior had been laid to rest in a wooden coffin, where he remained undisturbed until our day. He had died at a time when centers of military and political power were only just emerging in Mainland Greece.
More than 1500 objects surrounded the warrior's body: gold, silver, ivories, bronze vessels and weapons, gems, beads, and seals (manufactured from precious gemstones imported over great distances). Several grave goods bear designs of great iconographical importance for understanding Aegean religion.  The 15th century was a critical period when a Mycenaean identity was being shaped through the importation and adoption of ritual practices borrowed from the much older civilization of Minoan Crete.
In our presentation we will summarize the work we have been conducting at and around the Palace of Nestor since the 1970s.  We will concentrate on our most recent discoveries in summer 2015, describing the progress of the excavation. Among other important finds we will discuss the iconography of four gold signet rings that are of particular significance for understanding Mycenaean religion in its formative stages.
Both Stocker and Davis will speak, she about the excavation of the tomb, he about the finds from the tomb and their significance.


This event is being hosted by:
The Institute for Aegean Prehistory
The University of Pennsylvania Museum
The History of Art Department of the University of Pennsylvania
The Philadelphia Society of the Archaeological Institute of America

Two Lectures by Lorenzo Nigro, La Sapienza University, Rome



 
Abstract:  
Sunday, Nov. 13, 3 pm   
Building the City in Palestine. Jericho Across the Ages and its Image in the Bible
Eighteen years (1997-2015) of archaeological activities in Palestine at Jericho, a site which epitomizes humankind’s conquests and defeats over ten millennia, also provides a valid example of cooperation in the field of archaeology.  I suggest it as a model of how to build up peace in a very complicated international scenario: What is the Past and to whom does it belong? And can archaeology help us in recognizing the respect due to objects of scientific investigations and of relics of the human past? Do archaeological discoveries strengthen appreciation of the material heritage of humankind, and how? What is the relationship between us and ancient peoples?

 Our experience in Palestine may suggest how to re-start a global conceptualization of cultural heritage and—especially –the field of archaeology in the light of respect for a shared memory of diverse pasts.

As part of this lecture, an overall summary of the finds in ancient Jericho and their historical interpretation will be offered to the audience.
. . . . . . . . . . . . .


Abstract
 Monday, Nov. 14. 6:15 pm.  Coffee at 6.
The Phoenicians at the Ends of the Earth: Motya in Western Sicily and the Creation of Mediterranean Civilization
Fourteen seasons of excavations at Motya (2002-2015) revealed the traces of the earliest Levantine and Phoenician habitation of the central Mediterranean, showing light on the formative phase of Phoenician expansion to the West. The discovery of Building C8 and of a series of wells in the earliest settlement, matched with other recent finds in the Iberian Peninsula (Cadiz), North Africa (Utica, Carthage) and Sardinia (Sulky) have significantly transformed the history of the 2nd and1st millennium BC Mediterranean.

Examining the sea routes across the Mediterranean may help disentangle the intricate roots of our civilization—or suggest that a multicultural/ethnical approach is better for studying the historical scenario of the earliest centuries of the 1st millennium BC, when this enclosed sea became a melting pot for peoples and cultures.



Lecture by T. Carpenter Oct. 4 2016


 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abstract: 

The question explored in this lecture is: What can a rich visual tradition tell us about beliefs and practices of a people for whom we have no written sources? The Italic (non-Greek) people who lived in Apulia in southern Italy are focus of our exploration, and Dionysiac imagery on 4th century BC figure decorated pottery found in their tombs provides the evidence for the test.
 
Upcoming: 


 
October 15 International Archaeology Day  
details TBA Penn Museum, 10:00-4:00
November 13-15 Lorenzo Nigro, University of Rome.  
Lectures on Jericho and Motya.  
Details TBA. Penn Museum
November 17  

Jack Davis and Shari Stocker, University of Cincinnati.  


From the Silent Earth: The Griffin Warrior of Pylos.  


Rainey Auditorium, Penn Museum. 6:00 pm reception, 6:30 
  
pm lecture.
March 30, 2017 Vanessa Davies, Ph. D.  

An overlooked chapter in the history of Egyptology: 
  

W .E.B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, and Pauline Hopkins. 
   
Penn Museum, 6:15 pm.

Neil Asher Silberman 


Rebooting Antiquity
How Holy Wars, Media Hype, and Digital Technologies Are Changing the   Face of 21st Century Archaeology


Iraqi National Museum Deputy Director Mushin Hasan holds his head in his hands as he sits on destroyed artifacts April 13, 2003 in Baghdad, Iraq.

Mario Tama/Getty Images.


Wednesday, September 21 • 6:15 pm.  Classroom 2, Penn Museum
3260 South Street, Philadelphia 

Co-sponsored by Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World Graduate Program, University of Pennsylvania 


There’s a revolution happening today in the way we value, discover, and imagine the past. On the negative side, ancient sites by the thousands—not only in the Middle East but all over the world—are being bulldozed, looted, vandalized, or blown up or merely vandalized. Feature films, bestsellers and specialized cable documentaries hopelessly muddle archaeological fiction and fact. Yet on the positive side, advanced satellite imagery and LIDAR sensors are uncovering complex civilizations in deserts and jungles where none were assumed ever to exist. Virtual reality environments and 3d digital reconstructions are now used both for scientific documentation and immersive museum experiences. And the sheer social reach of Facebook, Twitter, and research-by-crowdsourcing is offering archaeologists unprecedented opportunities to engage the general public in their work. This illustrated lecture will highlight some recent discoveries and ongoing controversies in the Americas, Europe, and Asia that exemplify the dramatic new directions that archaeology is taking in our globalized, internet age. 


Reception to follow with opportunity to meet the speaker.
Please use the Kress Entrance on the east of the Penn Museum. 

For information call 215.898.2680 or contact aiaphiladelphia@gmail.com. 
Follow us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/groups/AIA.PHL/


Upcoming

October 4  
Thomas Carpenter, Ohio University.  
Whose Dionysos? Pursuit of the God in 4th Century BC Apulia.  
Penn Museum, 6:15 pm

October 15 International Archaeology Day  
details TBA Penn Museum, 10:00-4:00

November 13-15 Lorenzo Nigro, University of Rome.  
Lectures on Jericho and Motya.  
Details TBA. Penn Museum

November 17  

Jack Davis and Shari Stocker, University of Cincinnati.  


From the Silent Earth: The Griffin Warrior of Pylos.  


Rainey Auditorium, Penn Museum. 6:00 pm reception, 6:30 
  
pm lecture.

March 30, 2017 Vanessa Davies, Ph. D.  

An overlooked chapter in the history of Egyptology: 
  

W .E.B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, and Pauline Hopkins. 
   
Penn Museum, 6:15 pm.

 


 


Slide1 3


At its peak in the 12th and 13th centuries CE, the Khmer Empire controlled much of what we now consider to be mainland Southeast Asia.  The heart of Angkorian civilization lay at the banks of the Tonle Sap, in a series of 9th through 14th century capitals with temples, shrines, and palaces that housed the ruling family and elites.  This lecture showcases two of the greatest architectural achievements in the Angkorian world: the 10th century temple of Banteay Srei (Fortress of Women), and Angkor Thom (the city of Angkor’s last great ruler: Jayavarman VII).  While Banteay Srei epitomizes the refinement of Angkorian aesthetics and architecture, Angkor Thom represents the apex of Angkorian monumentality.  Recent archaeological research in the Greater Angkor region is presented to contextualize these great monuments, and sheds light on the economy and daily lives of Angkorian Khmers.

Coe, Michael D. 2003. Angkor and the Khmer Civilization. Thames and Hudson, London.
Freeman, Michael and Claude Jacques. 1999.  Ancient Angkor. Bangkok, River Books.

Website: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/07/angkor/stone-text

FYI, earlier the same weekend:


The World of Phrygian Gordion

A conference accompanying the new exhibit at the Penn Museum, “The Golden Age of King Midas” 

April 1-2, 2016,

Penn Museum

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